· Approximately, a quarter of the US and it includes the states of:
- New Mexico
* California, Texas, Oklahoma and Colorado are sometimes included in the southwestern states.
Climate and Fauna
· Depending on the location, there’s semi-arid to arid climate.
· Mostly, this part is dominated by arid desert climate but there is alpine climate with a lot of snow in the West of Texas.
· The Great Southwestern Desert was divided in four regions:
1. Arizona-Sonora Desert
2. Chihuahua Desert
3. Mojave Desert
4. Great Basin Desert.
· The wildlife is varied with animals like Coyote American Bison, Armadillo, Raccoon and so on.
· Mexico (New Spain during the European colonization) dominated until the 19th century.
· California was the main west power.
· The majority of the Utahans moved into Nevada and North of California, and the Texans moved into New Mexico, Colorado and Arizona.
· There were many American tribes as the Paiute, Comanche, Navajo and Hopi. These and other tribes ruled different parts of the states of Southwest.
· In 1675, the Spanish invaded it and they destroyed all their religions and ceremonial objects.
· Most of the Indian tribes died due to epidemics caused by Europeans that they couldn’t resist.
· Taos ( in the north-central region of New Mexico, best known for its old art colonies)
- The International Spring Art Festival every May.
- More museums and galleries per capita than any other city in the United States.
· Clinton (Oklahoma)
- The Route 66 Museum: joined Chicago with LA, there’s a museum which brings back its memories.
· Elko (Nevada)
- Cowboy Poetry Gathering every January (riding demonstrations, classes, concerts, films…).
- Canyon de Chelly: one of the greatest archaeological richest in the Southwest.
· New Mexico
- The Santa Fe Trail: was a 19th century transportation route that connected Missouri with Santa Fe.
Maria Gil Álvarez - English Studies AA