Friday, 7 October 2011

Rhode Island

Rhode Island was the 13th state in the USA; it became a state on May 29, 1790

State Abbreviation - RI  /  State Capital - Providence  /  Largest City - Providence

 Rhode Island is the smallest state in the USA and also has the longest official name of any of the states: "State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations".

Area - For a state that is only 37 miles wide and 48 miles long, it is notable that its shoreline on Narragansett Bay in the Atlantic Ocean runs for 400 miles. Indeed, one of Rhode Island's nicknames is "the Ocean State."

The Breakers, Newport
The Breakers, Newport

The legendary mansions of Newport overlook the ocean at Narragansett Bay. Many of these spectacular homes are open for tourists and offer an inside glimpse into the lives of America's high society.
The Breakers, the magnificent Vanderbilt mansion built in 1895, is one of the most elegant private homes that has ever graced the Newport shorefront.

Name for Residents - Rhode Islanders
Population - 1,048,319 (as of 2000) [Rhode Island is the 43rd most populous state in the USA]The state is one of the most densely populated and heavily industrialized for its size.  
Major Industries - textiles, jewelry, rubber products, machinery, tourism

Major Rivers - Sakonnet River  /  Major Lakes - Scituate Reservoir
Highest Point - Jerimoth Hill - 812 feet (247 m) above sea level
Bordering States - Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York
Bordering Bodies of Water - Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island Sound, Atlantic Ocean



Origin of the Name Rhode Island - Rhode Island was either named for the Isle of Rhodes (in the Mediterranean Sea) or for its red clay (the Dutch explorer Adriaen Block may have named it "Rood Eylandt" meaning Red Island, in Dutch).
State Nicknames - The Ocean State, Little Rhody
State Motto - "Hope"
State Song - Rhode Island, It's for Me (www.youtube.com/watch)
State Flag

State Symbols

Tree: Red Maple (Acer rubrum

Flower: Violets (Viola sororia)

Bird: Rhode Island Red A type of chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus)

Shell: The hard clam or quahog: Mercenaria mercenaria is a bivalve mollusc native to the eastern shores of North America




Fish: Striped bass (Morone saxatilis)
Fruit: Rhode Island greening apple (Malus Mill.)

The Rhode Island quarter, released May 21, 2001, honors the "Ocean State" with a picture of a beautiful vintage sailboat moving through Narragansett Bay with the Pell Bridge in the background. Sailing is, of course, the most popular sport in the smallest state in the union. With over 400 miles of coastline and more than 100 fresh and salt water beaches, Rhode Island was home to the Americas Cup for more than 50 years and is widely known as the Sailing Capital of the World.

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