The Western States
|The Western States.|
The West traditionally refers to the region comprising the western most state of the United States.And it includes thirteen states : Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington and Wyoming.
History & Culture
• Ethnic Groups •
-Hawaii is the only state in the union in which Asian Americans outnumber white American residents.
-Asians from many countries have settled in California and other coastal states in several waves of immigration since the 19th Century.
-The border states (California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas) all have large Hispanic populations.
-The West also contains much of the Native American population in the U.S., particularly in the large reservations.
-The largest concentrations for black Americans in the West can be found in Los Angeles and Oakland.
-Alaska is a vast land of few people, many of them native.
• History •
If you say Western, people usally thinks about cowboy films, so let’s have a look at the Western States history.
# American Old West
-Major settlement of the western territories by migrants from the states in the east developed rapidly in the 1840s.
-The 1850s were marked by political controversies which were part of the national issues leading to the Civil War, though California had been established as a non-slave state in the Compromise of 1850.
-The history of the American West in the late 19th and early 20th centuries has acquired a cultural mythos in the literature and cinema of the United States . The image of the cowboy, the homesteader and westward expansion took real events and transmuted them into a myth of the west which has influenced American culture since at least the 1920s.
# 20th Century
-By 1890, the frontier was gone.The automobile enabled the Americans to tour the West. So Western businessmen promoted U.S. Route 66 as a means to bring tourism and industry to the West.
-During the latter half of the 20th century, several transcontinental interstate highways crossed the West bringing more trade and tourists from the East, increasing the population.
Sara Fornas Martínez, Grupo AA.